Traffic Offense Prosecution

The Misdemeanor Division of the Wayne County Prosecutor’s Office represents the State of Ohio and the various Wayne County municipalities in prosecuting traffic offenses.  These include, but are not limited to, all offenses charged under Title 45 of the Ohio Revised Code, as well as the codified ordinances of the cities and villages within the Wayne County.  Operating Motor Vehicle under the Influence (OVI) and Driving under Suspension (DUS) prosecutions are common.  Traffic cases begin with the issuance of a traffic citation.  Although most traffic citations are issued by law enforcement officers, there are circumstances in which the Misdemeanor Division prosecutors will issue citations themselves.  In 2014, 10,573 traffic offense charges were filed in the Wayne County Municipal Court.  Once a traffic citation is filed with the court, the Misdemeanor Division prosecutors will review the citations for accuracy and, in matters that are contested, prepare the cases for trial as they do with criminal cases.  Like criminal cases, traffic defendants have the right to choose to have their cases tried in front of a judge or by a jury, with the exception of minor misdemeanors for which the right to a jury is not available because minor misdemeanors do not carry time in jail as a potential sentence. The Misdemeanor Division prosecutes cases whether tried by judge or by jury.  In 2014, according to the Ohio Supreme Court, 10,188 misdemeanor traffic cases and 389 Operating a Vehicle under the Influence (OVI) cases were filed in the Wayne County Municipal Court.